Published Medical Articles

Varicose Veins Today

A decade ago a doctor’s advice to a patient with varicose veins was easy: the alternatives are injection sclerotherapy or surgery. Only these techniques have existed long enough to know about both their shortand long-term results. Results have generally been disappointing, with high recurrence rates…


Ultrasound-guided Foam Sclerotherapy Combined with Sapheno-Femoral Ligation

Aim: This study is a prospective randomised controlled trial comparing sapheno-femoral ligation, great saphenous stripping and multiple avulsions with sapheno-femoral ligation and ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy to the saphenous vein. Primary end points were patient recovery period and quality of life and secondary end points…


The Use of Foam Sclerotherapy for Varicose Veins

Objectives: The aim was to explore the current experience and practice of vascular surgeons in the United Kingdom and Ireland regarding foam sclerotherapy for varicose veins. Method: A postal questionnaire was sent to 609 members of the Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Results:…


Surgery Versus Sclerotherapy for the Treatment of Varicose Veins

Background: Varicose veins are a relatively common condition and account for around 54,000 in-patient hospital episodes per year. The two most common interventions for varicose veins are surgery and sclerotherapy. However, there is little comparative data regarding their effectiveness. Objectives To identify whether the use…


Side-Effects and Complications of Foam Sclerotherapy

Objectives: Increasing interest in foam sclerotherapy (FS) for saphenous insufficiency has highlighted the need to study the side-effects and complications of this treatment. The aim of this study is to better assess their nature and incidence. Methods: A multicentre, prospective and controlled study was carried…


Sclerotherapy Techniques: Different Gases and Methods of Preparation

Introduction: Foam sclerotherapy has gained a great popularity among phlebologists worldwide, although a major lack of homogeneity in the material used to produce sclerosant foam (SF) and to inject SF has been reported. Aims: To highlight the literature data and a few personal clinical and…


Prospective Five-Year Study of Ultrasound-Guided Foam Sclerotherapy

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term efficacy, safety and rate of recurrence for varicose veins associated with great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux treated with ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS). Methods: A five-year prospective study was performed, recording the effect on the…


Microfoam Ultrasound-Guided Sclerotherapy Treatment

Objective: The objective was to analyze the effectiveness of foam ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy treatment in saphenous veins and tributary veins with a diameter at the saphenofemoral or saphenopopliteal junction of <10 mm and compare these results with a subgroup of veins with diameters of <10 mm….

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